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A new method for estimating spectral clustering change points for multivariate time series

Ivor Cribben, U. Alberta
12-1pm  11th Nov 2016

Abstract

Spectral clustering is a computationally feasible and model-free method widely used in the identification of communities in networks. We introduce a data-driven method, namely Network Change Points Detection (NCPD), which detects change points in the network structure of a multivariate time series, with each component of the time series represented by a node in the network. Spectral clustering allows us to consider high dimensional time series where the number of time series is greater than the number of time points (n<p). NCPD allows for estimation of both the time of change in the network structure and the graph between each pair of change points, without prior knowledge of the number or location of the change points. Permutation and bootstrapping methods are used to perform inference on the change points. NCPD is applied to various simulated high dimensional data sets as well as to a resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data set. The new methodology also allows us to identify common functional states across subjects and groups. Finally, the method promises to offer a deep insight into the large-scale characterisations and dynamics of the brain.

Short Bio

Ivor Cribben is an Assistant Professor of Statistics in the Department of Finance and Statistical Analysis at the Alberta School of Business, University of Alberta. His research interests include time series analysis, methods for high dimensional data, graphical models and non-parametric statistics with applications to neuroimaging and financial data. He holds a PhD in Statistics from Columbia University, an MSc from University College Dublin, and a BA from Trinity College, Dublin.

Venue

Large Conference Room, O'Reilly Institute