The Centre for Next Generation Localisation (CNGL)

The Centre for Next Generation Localisation is funded by Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) in the category "Centre for Science Engineering and Technology (CSET).

Access to information and seamless communication are keys to success in the emerging multilingual and multicultural societies, and underpin global commerce and development. Localisation, the industrial process of linguistic and cultural adaptation to market requirements, is a core strategic technology in the transformation towards information- and knowledge-based economies. Ireland is particularly well placed to have a strong impact on this core strategic technology. Ireland has the highest concentration of localisation industry worldwide, and has continuously been at the forefront of innovation and development of localisation processes and practices. CNGL has the potential to revolutionise localisation through its unique Industry-Academia partnership. We aim to achieve breakthroughs in standards, interoperability and automation based on language and digital content management technology. The basic research carried out by CNGL underpins these breakthroughs and provides the foundations for technology transfer and commercial exploitation of the results. The Centre will help Ireland to maintain its leading position in this important sector of ICT, move localisation activities in Ireland up the value chain, and, in close collaboration with the Industrial Partners, ensure that innovations from the research labs translate into business opportunities, revenue streams and cutting edge, high-tech employment opportunities in the Irish ICT sector. In addition, through one of its Industrial Partners, DNP, the Centre has the unique opportunity to directly engage in the development and innovation of localisation technology in the Asian market.

Cultivating Understanding and Research Through Adaptivity (CULTURA)

A key challenge facing curators and providers of digital cultural heritage across Europe and Worldwide is to instigate, increase and enhance engagement with digital humanities collections. To achieve this, a fundamental change in the way cultural artefacts are experienced and contributed to by communities is required. CULTURA will pioneer the development of next generation adaptive systems which will provide new forms of multi-dimensional adaptivity: - personalised information retrieval and presentation which respond to models of user and contextual intent - community-aware adaptivity which responds to wider community activity, interest, contribution and experience - content-aware adaptivity which responds to the entities and relationships automatically identified within the artefacts and across collections - personalised dynamic storylines which are generated across individual as well as entire collections of artefacts CULTURA advances and integrates the following key technologies: - Cutting edge natural language processing, which normalises ambiguities in noisy historical texts Entity and relationship extraction, which highlights the key individuals, events, dates and other entities and relationships within unstructured text - Social network analysis of the entities and relationships within the content, and also of the individuals and broader community of users engaging with the content - Multi-model adaptivity to support dynamic reconciliation of multiple dimensions of personalization. CULTURA will deliver innovative adaptive services and an interactive user environment which dynamically tailors the investigation, comprehension and enrichment of digital humanities artefacts and collections. Through the provision of such functionality, CULTURA can empower all users to investigate, comprehend and contribute to digital cultural collections. CULTURA will provide rigorous evaluation and validation of its adaptive services using high impact, contrasting, multicultural digital cultural heritage collections and diverse user communities and individuals. The CULTURA use cases, defined in collaboration with real users, will clearly illustrate how the adaptive environment will offer genuine user empowerment and unprecedented levels of engagement with these collections and communities. The CULTURA consortium has a strong emphasis on meeting real end-user needs, maximising societal impact and laying a foundation for successful commercialisation. Thus, the project has a strong scientific foundation, informed by two significant digital cultural resources and associated communities, and supported by experienced and effective project management.

1641 Depositions

The three-year 1641 Depositions project aims to transcribe and digitise the Depositions comprising 3,400 depositions, examinations and associated materials, located in the Library of Trinity College Dublin, in which Protestant men and women of all classes told of their experiences following the outbreak of the rebellion by the Catholic Irish in October, 1641. Collected by government-appointed commissioners, the witness testimony runs to approximately 19,000 pages, and constitutes the chief evidence for the sharply contested allegation that the rebellion began with a general massacre of protestant settlers.

The project will investigate innovative technology to structure and lend meaning to a large corpus of unstructured information. The objectives of this project are:

  • To investigate how text analytics and semantic mark-up tools can be used to enable researchers to discover new insights contained within the digital humanities.
  • To capture some aspects of the subtle processes by which researchers model the meaning of documents and to make key aspects of their knowledge available to other researchers.
  • To prototype and evaluate selected tools which achieve these objectives, using the transcribed 1641 Depositions as a corpus of unstructured humanities content.


I lecture a course on Web Technologies to students in TCD's M. Phil in Digital Humanities and Culture

I lecture a course on Information Retrieval and Web Search for Senior Freshmen and Senior Sophister Computer Science students. The course reviews the current state of the art in IR and Web Search and explains the technologies implemented in the area. It also discusses future trends in the Internet and IR industries.

I have also delivered courses on Software Applications to Senior Sophister MEMS (Manufacturing Engineering and Management Science) students and Junior Sophister MSISS (Management Science and Information Systems Studies) students. This course involved the study of PHP and MySQL and their use on the Web.