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Dr. Timothy Savage
Assistant Professor, Computer Science
Assistant Professor, Education

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Challenge Based Learning: Recommendations for the Future of Higher Education in, editor(s)Eliseo Vilalta-Perdomo Jorge Membrillo-Hernández Rosario Michel-Villarreal Geeta Lakshmi Mariajulia Martínez-Acosta , The Emerald Handbook of Challenge Based Learning, Emerald , 2022, pp391 - 411, [Gallagher, S and Savage, T.] Book Chapter, 2022 URL

Gallagher, S and Savage, T., Realising the possibility of a European supranational university: A conceptual reflection on the CHARM-EU European University Initiative. , Educational Studies Association of Ireland , Online, 2021 Published Abstract, 2021

Gallagher, S and Savage, T, Challenge-based learning in higher education: an exploratory literature review, Teaching in Higher Education, 2020, p1 - 23 Journal Article, 2020 TARA - Full Text DOI URL

Carina Girvan, Timothy Savage, Virtual Worlds: A New Environment for Constructionist Learning, Computers in Human Behavior, 99, 2019, p396 - 414 Journal Article, 2019 DOI TARA - Full Text URL

Gallagher S E and Savage T, Exploring learning objectives at scale through concept mapping of MOOC learner discussions., EMOOCs 2016: Fourth European MOOCs Stakeholders Summit, Graz, Austria, 2016, 2016 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

Gallagher S E and Savage T, Observing URL Sharing Behaviour in Massive Online Open Courses, Learning at Scale, Edinburgh, 2016, 2016 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

S. Gallagher & T. Savage, Comparing learner community behavior in multiple presentations of a Massive Open Online Course, Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 2016 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Gallagher, S. & Savage, T., "What is, Becomes What is Right" A Conceptual Framework of Newcomer Legitimacy for Online Discussion Communities., Journal of Computer Mediated Communications, 20, (4), 2015, p400 - 416 Journal Article, 2015 TARA - Full Text DOI

John Whipple, Charlie Cullen, Keith Gardiner and Tim Savage, Syllable Circles for pronunciation learning and teaching, ELT Journal, 2015 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Gallagher S.E., and Savage, T., Comparing learner community behaviour in multiple presentations of a Massive Online Open Course., Proceedings of the 12th International Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA) Conference. , Maynooth, Ireland, 2015, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Morris, L., & Savage, T. , Virtual Poetry - Examining the affordances of the virtual world environment in supporting students' initial contact with abstract poetic constructs in a particular text., Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference , New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 2013, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Girvan C., Tangney B., Savage T., SLurtles: Supporting constructionist learning in Second Life, Computers and Education, 61, 2013, p115 - 132 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Guidelines for conducting text based interviews in virtual worlds. in, editor(s)Childs, M. & Peachey, A. , Understanding Learning in Virtual Worlds, UK, Springer, 2013, [Girvan, C. & Savage, T.] Book Chapter, 2013

Gallagher, S, E., Savage, T., Cross-cultural analysis in online community research: A literature review, Computers in Human Behavior, 29, (3), 2013, p1028 - 1038 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Carina Girvan, Timothy Savage, Ethical considerations for educational research in a virtual world, Interactive Learning Environments, 20, (3), 2012, p239 - 251 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Girvan, C., & Savage T., Conducting Text-Based Interviews in Virtual Worlds, ReLive, Open University, Milton Keynes, edited by A. Peachey , 2011, pp78 - 86 Conference Paper, 2011

Girvan, C., Tangney, B. & Savage. T., SLurtle Soup: a conceptual mash up of constructionist ideas and virtual worlds, Constructionism 2010, Paris, 2010, edited by Clayson J., Kalas I. , 2010, pp1 - 10 Conference Paper, 2010

Carina Girvan, Timothy Savage, Identifying an appropriate pedagogy for virtual worlds: A Communal Constructivism case study, Computers and Education, 55, (1), 2010, p342 - 349 Journal Article, 2010 DOI TARA - Full Text

Elizabeth Oldham, Ann FitzGibbon, Carina Girvan, Graham Heap, Micheal Collins and Tim Savage, You can lead students to Second Life, but can you get them to immerse?, Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, March 2009, edited by Ian Gibson, Roberta Weber, Karen McFerrin, Roger Carlsen and Dee Anna Willis , Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2009, pp2318 - 2323 Conference Paper, 2009

Dr. G Heap, A. FitzGibbon, T. Savage, Project Murias: Making a Second Life difference in the real life development education community in Ireland, Second Life Education Community Conference, Tampa, Florida, USA, September 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008

Tim Savage and Ann FitzGibbon, Reflections on a Community Lost and Found, Society of Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Antonio, Texas, March 2007, edited by Roger Carlsen, Karen McFerrin, Jerry Price, Roberta Weber and Dee Anna Willis , Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2007, pp2454 - 2461 Conference Paper, 2007

T Savage, Emergence vs. Design - A case study of an emergent community of practice, Computer Assisted Learning '07, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, 26 March, 2007, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007

Tim Savage and Ann FitzGibbon, Using Blended Team Work in an Education Course, Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Orlando, Florida, March 2006, edited by Caroline Crawford, Roger Carlsen, Karen McFerrin, Jerry Price, Roberta Weber and Dee Anna Willis , Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2006, pp1328 - 1334 Conference Paper, 2006

Ramos, J. L., Carvalho, J. L., Blasquez, F., Luengo, R. e Casas, G.L., Younie, S., Holmes, B., Savage, T., Tangney, B., Arnedillo, I., The Web@classroom project: portables computers and wireless technology in the classroom, Interactive Educational Multimedia, (Number 11), 2005, p204 - 210 Journal Article, 2005

Arnedillo Sánchez, I., Savage,T., Tangney, B., Higher Education (HE), Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Learning: ICT for replication OR innovation?, Proceedings of the AISHE Conference, Dublin, September, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004 URL

Savage, T., Arnedillo Sánchez, I., O'Donnell, F., Tangney, B., Using Robotic Technology as a Constructionist Mindtool in Knowledge Construction, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), Greece, July, 2003, pp324 - 325 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Savage, T., Using Advances in Network Technology in the Desegregation of Distance and Face-to-Face Students, Proceedings of the Computer Education Society of Ireland (CESI) National Conference, Dublin, Ireland, January, 2002 Conference Paper, 2002

Twomey, D., Leahy, M., Close, S., Bree, O., Savage, T., Proceedings of the Computer Education Society of Ireland Conference, Dublin, Ireland, January, 2002 Conference Paper, 2002

Holmes, B., Lynch, P., Tangney B., Savage, T., Tiger Tiger: Recommendations for Educational Reform in Booming Economies: a case study of Japan and Ireland, BETT Conference, London, UK., January, 2001 Conference Paper, 2001

Holmes, B., Tangney, B., FitzGibbon, A., Savage, T., Mehan, S., Communal Constructivism: Students constructing learning for as well as with others, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education (SITE 2001), Charlottesville, VA, USA, March, 2001, pp3114 - 3119 Conference Paper, 2001

Holmes, B., Cahill, V., Savage,T., The Search for Hy Brazil - Rolling out a Wireless initiative, Annual Conference of the Association for Information Technology in Teacher Education, Swansea, UK, July, 2001 Conference Paper, 2001

Holmes, B., Brophy, C., Brennan, E., Savage, T., Professionalism in Education in the 21st Century: Recognising and meeting the Challenge, Association of Teachers' Education Centres in Ireland, Tralee, Ireland, November, 2000 Conference Paper, 2000

Holmes, B., Tangney, B., Savage, T., Students Constructing Learning for as well as with others, Integrating ICT and the Curriculum, Computer Education Society of Ireland (CESI) National Conference, Dublin, Ireland, November, 2000 Conference Paper, 2000

Holmes, B., Savage, T., Tangney, B., Comparative International Research on Best Practice and Innovation in Learning, Dublin, The Lifelong Learning Group, The Information Society Commission, 2000 Report, 2000

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Timothy Savage, MOOCs in Higher Education, 2015 IEEE 3rd International Conference on MOOCs, Innovation and Technology in Education (MITE), Amritsar, India, 1-2 October, 2015, IEEE Invited Talk, 2015

Research Expertise


Technology and Learning in Higher Education: Focussing on the integration of technology into the teaching and learning process, online and distance education, and technology adoption in Higher Education. European Universities: As the Senior Advisor to the CHARM-EU European University initiative I'm focused on the role on innovative pedagogy, challenge-based learning, and technology in supporting students working on the sustainable development goals.


  • Title
    • CHARM EU European University
  • Summary
    • The mission of CHARM-EU is to promote the common European values emphasising the richness and diversity of the European tradition. CHARM-EU will offer a transformative, truly European educational experience to citizens of the world. Through challenge-driven curricula, CHARM-EU will empower and inspire traditional as well as non-traditional students and staff to become critical thinkers capable of confronting societal challenges linked with the theme of 'reconciling humanity with the planet' and the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Funding Agency
    • Erasmus +
  • Date From
    • November 2019
  • Date To
    • October 2022
  • Title
    • Multi User Virtual Environments in Development Education
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Aid, Department of Foreign Affairs
  • Date From
    • 1/9/2007
  • Date To
    • 31/8/2010
  • Title
    • Collaborative Content Filtering
  • Funding Agency
    • NDRC
  • Date From
    • 4/2009
  • Date To
    • 9/2010
  • Title
    • V-Learning
  • Summary
    • V Learning is a virtual worlds learning management system that plugs into traditional web based LMS, harnessing the power of 3D technology. This replicates existing pedagogical strategies and provides new opportunities for novel immersive and engaging learning experiences. These immersive spaces can be used for collaboration, information retrieval, personal learning, simulation training or social networking.
  • Funding Agency
    • National Digital Research Centre
  • Date From
    • 1/12/09
  • Date To
    • 11/11/11


Adult & Continuing Education; Computer based training; Computer Education/Literacy; Computer-Aided Instruction; Educational/Instructional Technology; Higher Education; Information technology in education; Lifelong Learning; Virtual Organisations



Senior Adviser to CHARM-EU European University initiative. 2020

Senior Adviser to TORCH initiative. 2020

Associate Dean for Online Education 2013-2017

Journal Reviewer - Computers and Education (International Journal)

Journal Reviewer - Behaviour and IT (International Journal)


Irish Learning Technologies "Forward Directions Working Group" member 9/2007 – 6/2008