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Computer Science must become a Core School Subject

23 May 2016

Fundamental reform of Ireland’s education system is needed if the digital skills gap evident in Irish society is to be met, a senior academic from Trinity College Dublin has said.

Professor in Computer Science & Statistics Brendan Tangney made the comments at the inaugural ‘21st Century School of Distinction’ Awards, where a report was also launched assessing the impacts achieved in the first year of the Trinity Access 21 (TA21) project.

TA21 is a three-year (2014-2017) programme, funded by Google through a €1.5 million donation, which aims to effect change in the Irish education system by preparing teachers to teach Computer Science (CS) and related topics through a collaborative learning model.

It also aims to increase the number of students from DEIS schools pursuing STEM and CS focused college courses and careers.

Speaking at the launch of the report, Professor Tangney commented: “What we have seen clearly is that with the proper training teachers are more confident in teaching CS and STEM subjects to their students. 63% of teachers who participated in TA21 CS workshops introduced new CS content in their classroom, but they are limited in what they can achieve under current structures,” he said.

“Ireland is not unique in this regard – educational systems across the globe face the same challenges and, if we get it right, we are giving our young people a huge advantage in the digital age. Over 60% of the schools that participated in the T21 project reported having little access to the technology needed to make a real impact in their school. Some schools had no access to wifi or the internet and one 500-student school had just one computer for every 20 students. We really have to ask if the Government is just paying lip service when it talks about delivering broadband to every school in the country and ensuring that our young people are equipped with digital skills.”

Structural issues such as short class times and a pressure to teach to test and prepare students for exams were also identified by teachers as limiting their capacity to introduce their newfound CS skills.

Dr Katriona O’Sullivan, who coordinated the Trinity Access 21 research, said that schools were attempting to address these barriers. “Schools with supportive leadership structures were able to overcome the most commonly reported barriers. For example teachers formed after-school clubs, while others developed classes within school time that were not restricted by timetabling issues to overcome the time constraints of the classroom. Schools where resources were limited would bring students to activities outside of the school and one school created an entire regime change throughout the school.”

Fionnuala Meehan, Managing Director, EMEA SMB Sales, Google said that Computer Science must be introduced as a fundamental and rigorous subject throughout the entire school curriculum, starting in primary school.

“At second level, CS as a stand-alone module must be considered if we are to make a real difference. It is shocking that there are schools today without access to the internet and wifi. Investing in technology is just one part of the equation, but equally we must train our teachers in CS using 21st Century teaching methods such as experiential, technology-mediated, team-based models of teaching and learning across the curriculum.

“We need to see more joined-up thinking across the system if we are to effect real change in the classroom and then across our wider society,” she said.

Schools leading the way in successfully undertaking changes in challenging conditions were recognised by Trinity Access 21 in the ‘21st Century School of Distinction’ Award Showcase. The five awardees were Caritas College, Dublin 10; Fingal Community College, Swords, Co Dublin; Mt Sion Primary School, Waterford; Portlaoise College, Co Laois; St Aloysius College, Athlone, Co Westmeath.

This year’s awards also recognised four schools that demonstrate ‘Future Vison’, having set out a clear vision for educational change which they will begin to implement in autumn 2016. These awardees are: Coláiste de hÍde, Tallaght, Dublin 24; Mount Sackville, Chapelizod, Dublin 20; St Kevin's Community College, Dunlavin, Co Wicklow and St Paul's Community College, Waterford. Winning schools demonstrated excellence in several core areas, including innovative approaches to 21st century teaching and learning as well as CS and STEM.