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FunClub: An e-community for FUNctional data CLUstering

A functional datum is not an individual value but rather a set of measurements/observations along a continuum that, taken together, are to be regarded as a single entity. The goal of functional data clustering is to group together functions that share common features, providing insights into the underlying structures.

Functional data clustering has a wide range of applications in many fields:

Biomedical Signal Analysis: Functional data clustering can be used to analyze biomedical signals such as electrocardiograms (ECG), electroencephalograms (EEG), or electromyograms (EMG). By clustering these signals, patterns and abnormalities can be identified, leading to better diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Climate Analysis: Functional data clustering is useful for analyzing climate data, such as temperature, humidity, or precipitation, recorded over time. It can help identify similar climate patterns across different regions, detect climate change trends, and understand the impact of environmental factors on various aspects like agriculture, water resources, or natural disasters.

Human Movement Analysis: Functional data clustering can be employed to analyze human movement data captured by motion sensors, accelerometers, or video recordings. It can be used in fields like sports science, rehabilitation, or ergonomics to identify distinct movement patterns, classify activities, or detect abnormalities in movement for injury prevention.

Functional Genomics: In genomics, functional data clustering can be applied to analyze gene expression data obtained from microarray or RNA-sequencing experiments. It helps in identifying groups of genes that exhibit similar expression patterns across different biological conditions or disease states, providing insights into gene function, regulatory networks, and potential therapeutic targets.

Image and Video Analysis: Functional data clustering can be extended to analyze image or video data where each pixel or frame represents a functional unit. It can be used for tasks like image segmentation, object tracking, or action recognition by grouping similar visual patterns together.

Speech and Natural Language Processing: Functional data clustering can be utilized to analyze speech signals or natural language data. It helps in segmenting and clustering speech utterances based on acoustic or linguistic features, enabling applications like speaker identification, emotion recognition, or automatic speech recognition.

FunClub contributes to the theoretical, methodological, and computational developments for the cluster analysis of functional data.

Research supported by:

   School of Computer Science and Statistics
   Trinity College Dublin
   Dublin 2, Ireland

   I-Form Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre
   Science Foundation Ireland

   Centre for Research Training in Digitally-Enhanced Reality
   Science Foundation Ireland